Monday, May 12, 2014

Great American Eagle Decorated Snare Drum, Circa 1810-1830

Great American Eagle Decorated Snare Drum, Circa 1810-1830. Very large, commensurate with its early date of manufacture, 17 1/2" diameter and 19 3/4" high. Retains the original ink script paper label inside, across from the air hole, "M. A. BAKER / No. 10". Exceptionally fine condition, retaining 95% of the original paint, which is all sound but exhibits some crazing. There are just a few small abrasions on the eagle panel. The heads and ropes are excellent with the top head showing obvious age and some staining, else perfect. The bottom head retains the original snares and is separated and dried out along one edge, also showing considerable honest age. The ropes are correct, showing obvious age, and the drum retains six of the original seven rawhide sewn leather tighteners. Although these parts appear to be original and are commensurate with the condition of the rest of the drum, there is certainly the possibility they were part of an old restoration, although there is nothing that would necessarily indicate that to be the case. The drum exhibits a high seam with seven brass tacks, also commensurate with its early date of production. The body of the drum is maple, and the back side, opposite the eagle, exhibits what appears to be a bullet hole. Whatever struck the drum created an approximately 5/8" hole, with some additional splintering and two line cracks but the area remains very sound. A great American drum, and the earliest eagle decorated / likely regular U.S. Army, drum we've ever handled.

Heritage Auctions.

Sunday, May 4, 2014


The Last Ten Miles


Reprinted from Not So Modern Drummer

One bright day in early Spring, 2013, I met up with friend and fellow collector/ historian, Craig Caba, at his home in Central PA, to look at and talk about some of our old drums. Our conversation soon found its way to the project of another mutual friend, Jim Smith, known affectionately as, the “Yankee Drummer.” Jim had realized that there wasn’t a memorial to the Civil War Musician, and creating one would be rather expensive. To help fund this endeavor, he had the idea of selling commemorative replicas of Civil War drum sticks made from the wood of “witness trees”…..trees that were present and alive on the Gettysburg Battlefield during the time of the Battle in 1863.

At the suggestion of friends, Jim also decided to recreate the little known,
but epic journey of a certain veteran drummer of the “Late Hostilities.”

That certain veteran was Peter Guibert, Drummer of Co. F, 74th PA, who at 70 years old, marched with his old drum to the 50th Anniversary Reunion of the Battle of Gettysburg. Jim, also 70 years old, would recreate the march of 200 miles from the Pittsburg area to Gettysburg in 19 days, this time to honor Peter Guibert and celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the Battle. Jim would use the same drum that Guibert used while in the War, and on his journey in 1913…….. 100 years ago to the day! Craig and I eagerly decided we would accept Jim’s invitation to join him in Cashtown, for the last ten miles of this historic journey to Gettysburg.
Born in Germany on January 4, 1844, Peter Guibert, of Allegheny County, PA, mustered into Company F, 74th PA at Camp Wilkins, near Pittsburg, on September 14, 1861, as a musician. During the next three years, these men fought and died in different theaters of the War, and for a period of time, in the Army of the Potomac. Before the end of 1862, the 74th eventually found itself as part of their former regimental commander, Col. Schimmelpfennig’s, new brigade. General Schimmelpfennig’s brigade was in Schurz’s division and part of Howard’s 11th Corps, Army of the Potomac. At Chacellorsville, VA, in May, 1863, they were heavily engaged and on the second day of fighting, they were placed on the left of the 11th Corps, which was on the Union right. When the regiments on the far right belonging to the 1st Division broke, the 74th, along with other regiments of its brigade, changed fronts and held off the Confederates of General T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson, losing 52 men. Less than two months later, they were again in the thick of it at Gettysburg.
The 74th, still part of Howard’s 11th Corps, found itself on the Union right during the fighting of July 1, 1863. Placed on the 11th Corps left, they were soon caught up in the rout that broke the Union right. Falling back through Gettysburg, they reformed on Cemetery Hill where they remained for the rest of the battle. During the remainder of the War, the 74th saw service in South Carolina and the Washington defenses. After mustering out of the 74th, Guibert soon enlisted in Co. D, 77th PA, in February, 1865, again as a musician, and headed for Tennessee until mustering out in August, 1865.
Following the War, Peter Guibert returned to civilian life in Allegheny County near Pittsburg and worked as barber. 1913 brought about the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. That year, Peter turned 70 years old and held a strong desire to attend the anniversary ceremonies of the epic battle he participated in 50 years ago. Being the largest and most costly of the Civil War’s battles, he knew veterans from all over the country would attend. Instead of taking a train, horse, or automobile, he decided to walk the distance. He would be accompanied on this journey by his friend, 62 year old John Conroy, an Army veteran, (1872-77) who fought Comanche Indians in Texas. On May 26th, 1913, they stepped off from the steps of what was then the Allegheny City Hall at 9:00 a.m. Ahead were 200 miles of some of the most challenging ridges and heights of Pennsylvania’s Allegheny and Appalachian Mountains, chief among them was the Bald Knob Summit, with a height exceeding 2900 ft., and the Tuscarora Mountain (2458 ft.), among many others.
On the march, Guibert would beat his drum and entertain the folks along the way, many times in return for refreshments and lodging. On the morning of June 12th, the Guibert party departed from the Cashtown Inn, Cashtown PA, where they had spent the night, and began the last ten miles to Gettysburg. Completing the trek in 19 days, the two weary travelers entered the edge of Gettysburg on morning of June 13th where they were picked up by the Bell Telephone wagon and given a ride to the center of town.
There, they played a free concert and stayed at the City Hotel (now the James Getty Hotel), located on the square, until after the reunion festivities were complete. While in Gettysburg, Peter seems to have been quite active as several creditable accounts have him entertaining many of the inhabitants and veterans; apparently earning enough money to fund his stay. Peter also took the opportunity to join, and be photographed with, veteran musicians of the Union and Confederate ranks for a one-time performance of “The Blue and Grey Reunion Band of 1913.” He was also featured as the opening act for the epic silent film: “The Battle of Gettysburg.”
Jim Smith acquired the Guibert drum directly from a member of the Guibert family, niece Betty Mower, of Delmont. She had learned of the Yankee Drummer through a local newspaper article in 1982. The old Civil War drum had been passed to her through the family and had languished in attics for decades. Jim bought the drum along with an old newspaper article about the 1913 trek and then met with several members of the Guibert family over time. Through diligent work, he was able to piece together much of the life of Peter Guibert and even found additional period newspaper articles about the trek and his time spent in Gettysburg. However, Jim’s commitment to the trek began during a visit with Peter’s Grandson, Clarence Guibert, who at one point “expressed concern that peter’s name was not listed in the official PA records in Gettysburg.” Jim later found Guibert’s name in the records…misspelled…the error has since been corrected.
Peter Guibert’s field drum was one of the newer designs available to the drummers of the era. The shell was constructed of solid brass and is somewhat heavy. It has a very efficient, brass snare adjustor that isn’t the frequent norm of what most period drums utilized. Jim has since made small metal parts that over-lay the wooded hoops at the point over of the rope holes, to help protect against the wear and pressure of the ropes bearing down on these old hoops. Other replacement parts include hemp rope, leather ears, skins and snares.

With no makers label or any markings in or on the shell, the maker
remains unknown. However, a brass shell construction at this time
suggests that the drum was imported from Europe.

The sound is exceptionally full and projects well, especially when played with heavy, robust sticks. When Jim acquired the drum, it had a broken head with an old silver-tipped stick inside. He then fully restored the drum to playing condition and has kept it in that condition.
According to local newspaper accounts, Peter Guibert and John Conroy not only trudged along with this old field drum, but a rope tension bass drum and pedal, fife, calliope, harmonica, slide whistle, and various other musical instruments for the purpose of Guibert performing as a “one-man-band,” as he “was well-known as an entertainer.” Jim also included an old rope tension bass drum as well as other musical instruments in keeping with the spirit of the trek.
After 190 miles on the road, Jim and his friend, Ray Zimmerman (who plays the part of John Conroy) arrived at the Cashtown Inn where they met up with Craig and me. On this day, the Peter Guibert Trek of 2013 had a slightly larger entourage of seven people, including Len DeCarlo (trek coordinator), Duane Myers, and Dick Mizikar, along with two vehicles. I had brought along my circa 1840 Porter Blanchard field drum so I could play along with Jim for this final 10 mile leg of the journey. While at the Cashtown Inn, Jim and I played our drums for each other, as well as together. One thing about playing authentic rope tension drums with calf skins and gut snares is that you clearly hear all three aspects of the drum: There is the basic sound of the drum, and the sound of the snares, but then you hear the sound of the “drone,” which is something I think that’s missing from drums with plastic heads, synthetic snares, and muffling. The sound of these old drums really “carries” outdoors.
We stepped off in mid-morning… Jim, “Conroy,” Craig and I, along with our escort vehicles, and headed east down Old Route 30, “The Lincoln Highway,” through Cashtown… The same route that Confederates under Lt. General A.P. Hill used 150 years ago, as they headed east to Gettysburg, playing a cadence as we went. In doing so, the feeling of history was almost over-whelming as we felt the trodden path of so many other travelers of the past.
The day was extremely hot and humid…as I imagine it was in 1863 and in 1913. As the sun rose high in the sky, I could feel its effects start as we played our drums on the hot road. We stopped at every waving flag and cemetery along the way and properly saluted with drum and hand. The dogs did not bother with us as I wondered if the drums intimidated them. One of the stranger things we learned was that cows apparently like drums! At every instant of the sound of the drum, herds of cows would line up along the fences and watch…moving along as we did…pleasantly animated.
As we progressed, residents would venture out to see what the racket was all about, many times offering us drinks and sandwiches, while eagerly soaking up tales of the trek. At one point, we heard the sound of a drum set coming from a house along the route. We decided to serenade our newly found compatriot with a rousing and spirited round of Three Camps. The commotion worked as the drummer from within soon appeared on the front porch and applauded our completion of the piece. At other points we were saluted by the local veterans, who we respectfully saluted back. Passing vehicles would honk and wave. Everybody cheered. And so it was as the Peter Guibert Trek proceeded along the 200 hundred mile route that seemed full of goodwill.
Jim Smith, at 70 years of age, had completed one of the most challenging and epic journeys to honor any veteran of the “Late War” in grand style. The combination of heat, humidity, rain, and wind (or lack of it) only added to the reality of walking such long distances with a drum. Another daunting danger was the traffic which made safety along the way a major concern. There were no major mishaps in this regard, as the most common occurrence seemed to be the constant honking of horns and waves of well-wishers in general. Through it all, Jims pace, style, and playing were precise and purposeful, and being a master drummer and historian, he knew all the music and calls.
The route was full of high elevations and valleys and as Craig and I would occasionally lag behind talking, we could see that Jim (and “Conroy”) repeatedly would take each hill like a Roosevelt! Jim Smith appeared larger than life on that day. In keeping true to the form of the original trek, Ray had quietly arranged to have a wagon of the Bell Telephone Company waiting for them as a surprise on the morning June 13th as they prepared to take Gettysburg, just as Peter Guibert and John Conroy did 100 years ago to the day!
Arriving at noon in the Gettysburg Square, they played a free concert by the James Getty Hotel and met with well-wishers and family. Also joining them was friend and fellow drummer John Beck, President of the Percussive Arts Society, who was also at the initial step-off in Pittsburg. Later that day, Jim delivered dirt from Peter Guibert’s grave to the 74th PA regimental marker on the Battlefield. As did Peter, Jim stayed at the Hotel on the square and remanded in the area until much of the festivities came to a close.
Heat, fatigue, and dehydration played a large part on the march for military drummers and soldiers alike. This is something that we would be reminded of during the Trek and celebrations leading up to and during the 150th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, as well as with the previous reunions and the Battle itself. During this time, several drummers and bandsmen “went down with the heat” and needed to be transported to the local hospital.

I was quickly reminded that being a drummer during
the “Late Hostilities” was no easy task. During this last
ten miles of Jim’s Trek, Craig and I learned of so many
things that affected the daily life of early drummers
and soldiers while on the march.

Peter Guibert died on December 7, 1933, at age 89. He had played music all of his life, as the music was deep within him. Known as the “Wizard of the Drums” and the “Master of Military Music”…names that a “God Father” of the rope drum community the likes of Jim Smith, could easy personify without fault. But Jim, the Yankee Drummer, had earned his own new moniker as he entered Gettysburg right on time, the very same day as did Peter Guibert, exactly 100 years ago…now we refer to him as “Jim Smith: Iron Man of the Alleghenies.”
In the end, the big question here is…Why did Peter Guibert decide to walk the 200 miles to Gettysburg?…Especially when the government offered free train passes to any Civil War veteran wishing to attend the reunion. The only reason offered by Smith is that Guibert apparently walked everywhere! With the Peter Guibert Trek of 2013 behind us, I find myself happily reminiscing with Craig as we look back on and talk about the privilege and the experience we had partaking in recreating this historic, yet telling journey. We also embraced the camaraderie we found in all who took part in making this event a huge success. “There are many historical artifacts out there that have interesting stories to tell but rarely get the opportunity”…Jim Smith has taken the opportunity to do so and has marched with it and made it so. Our special, indebted thanks to Jim for offering us the opportunity to share with him … The Last Ten Miles.
From Lancaster County, PA, Thoughts from the Shop….
Brian Hill

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Brian Hill
Brian Hill is a veteran touring and studio musician, with attendance at several universities and schools of music, he graduated from Belmont University, Nashville, TN, with studies in music, business, and history. Residing in rural Lancaster County, PA, he continues to play music as well as restoring and researching the drums and lives of the people who made history with them.


Enter the Bloody Wheatfield


Reprinted from Not So Modern Drummer

Maker:  Charles E. Town
Circa:  1853-1859
Dimensions:  14.5”(h) x 16”(dia.)

The ground must certainly still have been soaked from the recent rain as a young 16 year old named John H. Rosensteel ventured out from his home in the vicinity of the Round Tops south of Gettysburg.  Along with many other local residents, he was there to start the gruesome task of burying the dead.  It was Sunday, July 5th 1863. The Confederate Army had quit the field late the day before. They started the long journey back to Virginia during the night in a drenching downpour that had washed away the blood but could not hide the destruction of three days of savage fighting.  John’s home had become part of a nightmarish scene caused by the destructive power of over 170,000 battling soldiers.  One of the first of the dead that he encountered was a young Confederate soldier about his own age.

John picked up the gun lying beside him and decided to keep it as a souvenir.  This gun was the first piece of what would become the famed Rosensteel Collection; a collection that would become the family’s legacy and would eventually number well over 43,000 pieces.

As John continued to collect the debris of the battlefield, he eventually came across an abandoned eagle drum somewhere in the vicinity of the Wheatfield and back toward Little Round Top.  The drum belonged to one of the drummers of the U.S. Regular Army.  The Fifth Army Corps had within its ranks of the 2nd Division two brigades of U.S. Regular Army Infantry battalions commanded by General Romeyn B. Ayres, which were brought up in support of General Daniel Sickles Third Corps line.  The Third Corps was being pummeled by Longstreet’s sledgehammer attacks during the evening of the second day.  Ayers two brigades of U.S. Infantry Regulars contained elements of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 14th, and 17thRegiments.  These two brigades were commanded by Col. Hannibal Day and Col. Sidney Burbank.
Around 5:00 p.m. on July 2nd, the two brigades crossed Plum Run in an area of what would soon become known as the Valley of Death, moving west to the crest of a rocky wooded ridge, and then advanced through the woods to the edge of the Wheat Field.  They initially took position behind a low stone wall, just as units from the U. S. Second Corps were being pushed out with heavy losses.  The U.S. Regulars then entered the fray and engaged the veteran legions of Confederate General Wofford’s Georgia Brigade.  Both sides suffered frightening losses, but it was the Regulars who took the brunt of it, suffering 50% casualties.  Their exodus was no rout; the Regulars marched from the field in good order taking heavy losses, turning to fire at the Georgians as they were pushed back over rough terrain to the Little Round Top line.  Sometime during this encounter with the enemy this drum was lost for some unknown reason, only to be picked up a few days later and added to what would become the largest private collection of Gettysburg relics.

Ten years before this bloody exchange, Charles E. Town of Bath Maine, received the first of two contracts during the 1850s to make drums for the United States Army.  The contract of 1853 was for 100 drums for the Infantry.  Then in 1859 he received a second contract for 19 drums for the Artillery and an additional 56 drums for the Infantry.  This drum is one of the 156 drums Town made for the U. S. Infantry during the 1850s.  Inside the drum, opposite the vent hole, is a paper maker’s label in very good condition which simply states:  “DRUMS / Made and Sold by / Charles E. Town, / Bath, Maine.”
Sitting on the blue field for infantry is a primitive, hand painted version of the United States Arms…..sometimes known for the central figure as an “eagle” or “eagle drum.”  In comparing this version of the Arms with other known Town drums, it seems quite plausible that Town used a stencil for the outline and had the rest hand painted by a skilled painter.  The style of the Arms certainly dates this drum to the 1850s.
The shell is made of a single ply of ash wood which retains much of the original stain and varnish.  Town reinforced the seam, formed by a scarf joint, with his own unique brass tack pattern of a rectangle with a vertical diamond-circle-diamond within and centered on the unreinforced vent hole.  The maple counter hoops also retain much of the original red sponged paint.  Interestingly, there are severe water stains on the back portion of the shell that give evidence of the acrid nature of the rain that fell on the 4th of July as this drum sat quietly where it fell on the field only days prior to its retrieval by Rosensteel.  There is no evidence that this drum ever had a mechanical snare adjuster mounted to it; the snares were simply run between the head and the lower counter hoop and pulled by hand to increase the tension.
Since this drum was in very good overall condition, it was decided to make it a player.  With the addition of new gut snares and a leather snare butt, one leather rope washer and a metal ring secured by a black leather lace to attach to a drum sling, only a light cleaning was in order.  The drum had been partially restored some years prior by an able, unidentified person who installed new skins, 10 leather ears and linen rope.

This drum has an enormous sound that carries the distance
when tensioned up and played with the proper sticks – obviously
heard above the din and roar of battle.

In 1888, John Rosensteel started the Round Top Museum in honor of the 25thAnniversary of the Battle.  John eventually passed custody of his collection to his nephew, George Rosensteel, who also remained dedicated to educating the public about the epic battle.  After the 50th Anniversary of 1913, George expanded with the National Museum.  By 1921 he had moved it all to the location of what would become the now former National Parks Service Visitor Center and Museum, located across the road from the Cemetery.  Within this building which was built on the premises of the old Gettysburg town dump, the Rosensteel family lived and housed the museum containing the huge collection, which was open to the public.  It was George’s son, Joseph Rosensteel, who created the famous Gettysburg Electric Map in 1938, which used small light bulbs to show the flow of troops during the three day battle.  Joseph died the following year from cancer.
In 1971, the Rosensteel family sold the property to the National Park Service for $2.6 million.  The bulk of the artifact collection was given to the “people of the United States.”  Touring the Visitor Center’s Museum at Gettysburg, one can see the core of the old “Rosensteel Collection!”  However, the Rosensteels did retain a portion of the collection they deemed as “special.” This drum was one of those “special” pieces held by Larry and Angi Rosensteel Eckert, George’s daughter.  The Eckerts passed the drum to friend and collector John Fenstermacher, Esq. and his wife Peggy for legal services he performed for them while working with the National Parks Service.  With Johns passing, Peggy sold the drum to the Hill Collection.
With the history of this drum’s incredible collection status and the events leading up to the Battle and its retrieval from the southern end of the Gettysburg Battlefield, the details surrounding this drum are epic and monumental to say the least.  The shell still bears testimony to this with the numerous scars that are visible.  The identity and ultimate fate of the anonymous lad who carried it on to a field which changed hands six times in a matter of only a few hours will remain unknown. It was a field so violent that it transformed into a “whirlpool of death.”  One veteran of the battle later remarked of the U.S. Regulars who fought in the Bloody Wheatfield, “for two years they showed us how to act like soldiers… at Gettysburg, they showed us how to die like soldiers.”
From Lancaster County, PA… thoughts from the shop.
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Brian Hill
Brian Hill is a veteran touring and studio musician, with attendance at several universities and schools of music, he graduated from Belmont University, Nashville, TN, with studies in music, business, and history. Residing in rural Lancaster County, PA, he continues to play music as well as restoring and researching the drums and lives of the people who made history with them.

P.R. Winn, Drummaker

An article by W. Lee Vinson, author and publisher of and . For Lee's story about ...